The scientific seminar on failure, root causes, factors, and consequences of failed sates was presented by Dr. Rangin Dadifar Spanta, a former adviser of Afghan National Security Council, at Gawharshad Institute of Higher Education (GIHE).
The seminar was organized by GIHE Research Center and Student Union, and it was accompanied with a crowded audience, GIHE staff, lecturers, students, and invited guests.
Firstly, Dr. Salehi cited Dr. Spanta as one of the scholars of this boundary and a canvas to describe his scientific excellence. “Getting to a scientific position will undoubtedly require a lot of work that Dr. Spanta had overcame all these barriers and he is a good model for all students.
Secondly, Dr.Spanta started his speech. He initially discussed the importance of studying failed states in third world countries. Spanta, with a distinction between state-building and nation-building, pointed out that this distinction has not been generalized among the scholars of political science and has caused confusion in governance debates.
Dr. Spanta further noted that the government has three main tasks: social welfare, security, and providing political freedom to citizens.
He added that if states fail to meet these obligations, they can be divided into two categories of failed states and failing states.
He also pointed out that a government in its definition area, the government is failing or failed “To the extent that the balance factors are negative, there can be a difference between the failed state and the failing state,” He said.
Dr. Rangin Dadfar Spanta continued to distinguish between strong governments and stable government and said that strong governments are using the security forces to rule the nation and are prone to create a strong opposition that sustains these types of governments which they can lead to a political break in social structures.
He added that sustainable governments are formed not by force, but by democratic acceptance of people and representation of people.
The ceremony ended with student questions and answers session.