On 25 July 2017 Gawharshad Institute of Higher Education Peace Center had the honor to host an academic seminar on “contemporary challenges of International Humanitarian Law and its Development”. The program begins with reciting of some verses of holy book of Quran, by Susan one of the GIHE youth Leader for Peace. Rabia Jawadi another student of GIHE and a member of GIHE Youth Peace Leader was the announcer for the program.
After the recitation of holy Quran, Mr.Abbas Azimi GIHE Peace Center Manager welcomed all on behalf of GIHE Peace Center and explained in brief about GIHE activities from its establishment in 2014. He said that GIHE start its activities with the collaboration of United State Institute of Peace Kabul, he added that, Peace Center had published 8 jewels of peace and 8 academic journals. Also he continued and shared some of the peace center activities which had been implemented since 2014.
The program was continued by inviting Madam Kristy Welch the ICRC regional legal adviser for south Asia and Iran. She spoke about the “contemporary challenges IHL and its development”. She pointed out to the main challenges such is terrorism, cyber warfare, non-state actors, robotic war, weapons of mass destruction and privatization of armed conflict. She said in her explanation on cyber warfare that it is very difficult to find who is committed the crime and who is responsible is it state, individual or the system. We are today facing not traditional wars but more advance and more technological war one of them is war in large cities by non state actors that International Humanitarian Law is violated by different groups. She added privatization of war is one of our today’s challenges for deployment and implementation of IHL in the field.
She also international organizations (IOs), troops contributing countries (TCCs) and Command & Control arrangement in the context of determining who is a party to an armed conflict involving multinational forces she added; To identify the parties to an armed conflict, one must determine the entity (the IO and/or the TCCs) to which the acts of war carried out by multinational forces can be attributed. This question is based on the notion of control.
To do so, we must analyse the level of control exerted by the international organisation (IO) over the troop put at its disposal and look at the command and control arrangements.
Troops-contributing countries (TCCs) almost always retain some form of authority and control over their forces.
After Kristy Welch Professor Ekhlasi talked about “Implementation and Deployment’s of International Humanitarian Law in Afghanistan” he divided his topic on three main parts.
First he has explained the International Humanitarian Law, after that he has spoken about challenges and in the end he had some recommendations. Ekhlasi said there are six principles of International Humanitarian Law which is based on humanities and protection. He has pointed out three main challenges in Afghanistan
Ekhlasi recommended many important points; there are three main recommendations as follow;
After professor Ekhlasi Seerat Furmuli one of the Youth Peace Leader Member talked on behalf of GIHE students, he thanks from Kristy and also other participants for joining and
Requested Kristy to support GIHE Peace Leaders and organize International Humanitarian Law Training course in Gawharshad Institute of Higher Education Peace Center.
In the end there was Question and Answer Session that participants asked different question on the topic mainly on; International Humanitarian Law and Terrorism, IHL and city wars and also mass destruction weapons
The program ended with a tea break and Mss. Kristy with her colleagues visited GIHE Library and donated the ICRC Library kite to GIHE Library.