A seminar on “failed states”; examining the root causes and consequences, conducted by Dr. Rangin Dadfar Spanta on Jun 8th at GIHE conference hall.
Dr. Salehi, GIHE president, in his welcoming speech described Dr. Spanta as one of the country’s valued figures and regarded him as an archetype of an scholar who serves as a perfect model for our students.
Dr. Spanta started his lecture by highlighting the importance of studying the failed states in the third world countries. Explaining the difference between state building and nation building, he pointed out that this differentiation has not yet gained a common ground among political science scholars and has caused a lot of confusion.
Dr. Spanta further elaborated that a state has three main responsibilities namely as ensuring public welfare, providing security and guaranteeing political freedom for its citizens. If governments fail to fulfil these, they would gradually verge on collapse.
Contrasting authoritarian states against stable states, Dr. Spanta elaborated that authoritarian states rule over their people by bruit use of security forces. Such states have high potentials for internal oppositions that can end in their political breakdown at one time or another. On the other hand, stable states are formed democratically and truly represent their nations, avoid use of bruit forces and take democratic approaches at all times.
The seminar ended by Dr. Spanta responding to the questions raised by students.